Disney Plus-Or-Minus: Fun & Fancy Free
By the time 1947 rolled around, Walt and Roy Disney's belt-tightening was beginning to pay off. The brothers had managed to keep the studio afloat through contract work, low-budget package films and re-releases of earlier favorites like Snow White and Pinocchio. Now that he had a little bit of money coming in, Walt went back to developing more ambitious features like Cinderella. But Walt held his animated features to a high standard, which meant that Cinderella wouldn't be ready for a few years.
So Walt and his team went back to the discard pile in search of material for more of the profitable package films. They found a pair of stories that had both been in development as potential features until World War II ground everything to a halt. The Legend Of Happy Valley was an adaptation of Jack And The Beanstalk with Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck and Goofy taking on the giant. It had been almost completely finished before the war put it on hold.
Walt had never been all that crazy about Happy Valley. He thought the idea was hilarious but didn't think the story was appropriate for the characters. When work picked up on the project, Walt decided to incorporate it into a package film instead of finishing it as a feature. His first instinct was to pair it with The Wind In The Willows but since that project still had a long way to go, he had to find something else.
Bongo, about a performing circus bear who longs to return to nature, was based on a children's story by Sinclair Lewis. It had originally been developed as a semi-sequel to Dumbo, which makes sense. Both were about performing circus animals. But as work continued, Walt's enthusiasm for the project waned.
The two stories had virtually nothing in common apart from the fact that Walt didn't think either one was worth finishing as a stand-alone feature. But some new linking material would solve that problem and thus, Fun & Fancy Free was born.
Even the wraparound segments are built out of leftovers. Jiminy Cricket serves as host, a role he would continue to play on TV and in educational films. He first appears singing "I'm A Happy-Go-Lucky Fellow," a song that had been cut from Pinocchio. Jiminy attempts to strike up a conversation with a morose-looking doll and teddy bear. The cricket has always had trouble discerning between sentient and inanimate creatures. Getting no response, he opts to play a record instead, selecting Bongo as performed by Make Mine Music alumna Dinah Shore.
Even though all the crossover material between Bongo and Dumbo had been dropped, it's easy to see how the two could have connected. It's harder to understand how Bongo ever could have worked as a stand-alone feature. It's only about half an hour long but even at that length, it feels padded and dull.
Longtime Disney animator Jack Kinney was in charge of Bongo and it's clear that he was trying to recapture the simple pleasures of Dumbo. But there's a difference between "simple" and "simplistic" and Bongo falls squarely on the wrong side of the equation. Bongo escapes the circus train, struggles to fit in with the other woodland creatures, falls in love with Lulubelle and has to challenge a much larger bear called Lumpjaw. Every story beat is punctuated with its own, seemingly endless song. Even if you're the current president of the Dinah Shore Fan Club, it's a bit much.
Bongo wouldn't have been a particularly memorable cartoon even edited down to Silly Symphony length. There's a reason you won't find any Bongo plush toys at your local Disney Store. The bear's cute enough but he doesn't have much personality. Considering we actually see him being mistreated by his circus handlers, it's weird that we have almost no sympathy for him. With little reason to care about its outcome, Bongo ends up as a shrug of a cartoon, a time-filler for a particularly gloomy afternoon.
After Bongo mercifully trudges to a conclusion, Jiminy Cricket decides to snoop around the house some more. Turns out he's in the bedroom of beloved Hollywood child star Luana Patten! Luana has been invited to a party across the street thrown by radio ventriloquist Edgar Bergen and friends, so Jiminy heads over to check it out.
Luana Patten was not exactly a beloved Hollywood child star at this point. But Disney had signed both her and her Song Of The South co-star Bobby Driscoll to multi-year contracts. So if nothing else, he had a vested interest in giving her the appearance of a beloved Hollywood child star. We'll see her again in this column.
Now, I suppose we could simply acknowledge that the 1940s were a simpler, more innocent time, especially at the movies. And if we did so, there would be no need to comment on the inherent weirdness of a small, unaccompanied girl attending a party thrown by a middle-aged man and two wooden puppets. But come on…at what point in human history would this have ever been considered anything other than deeply uncomfortable?
The whole thing's even weirder if you know much about Edgar Bergen's life and act. Bergen keeps things wholesome here but Charlie McCarthy was not exactly G-rated. He'd become a sensation trading double entendres with Mae West and W.C. Fields. At this time, Bergen was also the father of a one-year-old daughter, Candice. In her memoir, Candice Bergen revealed the strange hold Charlie McCarthy had over her childhood, feeling that the dummy was more of a child to her father than she was. When Bergen died, he left Charlie $10,000 in his will. Candice got nothing. Luana Patten was lucky she was only visiting.
Bergen regales Luana, Charlie, sensitive yokel Mortimer Snerd and party crasher Jiminy Cricket with the tale formerly known as The Legend Of Happy Valley but now titled Mickey And The Beanstalk. You know the story and have probably seen the cartoon, so I won't bother recapping it here.
Odds are you remember this as a lively, funny cartoon with some unforgettable sequences. The Mickey/Donald/Goofy trio cartoons were always highlights of Disney's short subjects, whether they were cleaning clocks or hunting ghosts. Their rapport is as reliably entertaining as ever here.
As it happened, this would be one of the last times Walt provided Mickey's voice. After what sounds like a rather speedy audition process, he turned the job over to sound effects man Jimmy MacDonald. Walt would say that he simply didn't have time to do it anymore but it's not as though the studio was producing all that many Mickey Mouse cartoons at the time. It's more likely that years of cigarette smoking had taken a toll on his voice, making it harder to reach Mickey's falsetto.
Willie the Giant (voiced by Billy Gilbert, who had already worked for Disney as Sneezy in Snow White) is a terrific addition to the roster of Disney supporting characters. Almost 40 years later, the studio brought him back as the Ghost of Christmas Present in Mickey's Christmas Carol. But he makes such an indelible impression here in his first appearance that it's easy to believe he must have turned up elsewhere over the years.
Even the music is better in this half. Anita Gordon's songs as the Singing Harp are happy without being cloying. I don't think the residents of Happy Valley would have been so joyous if they'd had Dinah Shore singing over them all the time. Willie gets a catchy, memorable entrance song. And to this day, the promise of a large meal will get me singing, "Turkey, lobster, sweet potater pie! Pancakes piled up till they reach the sky!"
So if you have fond memories of Mickey And The Beanstalk, I completely understand. I'm also willing to bet those memories are based on seeing the cartoon by itself, after it was rescued from the morass of Fun & Fancy Free. In its original context, the cartoon's momentum is torpedoed every few minutes by interruptions from Bergen and his dummies. In the right context, I can appreciate and even enjoy Bergen's act. Here, it just gets in the way. It also doesn't help that his actual ventriloquism skills had deteriorated from years performing on the radio. You can see his lips moving throughout, which only adds to the sense that nobody's bringing their "A" game here.
Mickey And The Beanstalk proved to be the gift that keeps on giving for the studio. In the 50s, it aired as an episode of Disney's TV series with new narration by old standby Sterling Holloway. They revisited it again in the 60s, this time with a framing sequence featuring new animation and narration by Ludwig Von Drake. It's been released on VHS and DVD several times, frequently by itself. It has had a much more lasting impact on its own than it ever had as part of Fun & Fancy Free.
As for poor Bongo, time has not been as kind to the little circus bear. It was also released on its own and aired on television but nowhere near as often. It seems to rank somewhere near the bottom of the middle of the Disney canon. Nobody really hates it but nobody much loves it, either.
Fun & Fancy Free did fairly well at the box office, especially considering it hadn't cost all that much to make. But critics were unimpressed and nobody seemed to mind when it disappeared from theatres and went into TV rotation. Audiences would have to wait a little longer for Disney to recapture his past magic. The package film era was not yet over.
VERDICT: If you can catch Mickey And The Beanstalk on its own, do that. It's a Disney Plus but Fun & Fancy Free is a Disney Minus.
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