Disney Plus-Or-Minus: The Adventures Of Ichabod And Mr. Toad
Walt Disney started the 1940s with two of the most ambitious creative gambles of his career: Pinocchio and Fantasia. Neither one paid off the way he had hoped. What followed was arguably the most tumultuous decade of his life. World War II, an animators strike, and too many expensive box office flops had forced him to scale back considerably. Walt had started the decade with high hopes and big dreams. By 1949, he just wanted to be done.
Walt's lack of enthusiasm bled over into the last few package films of the decade. The connective tissue between the segments grew flimsier as time went on. The segments themselves betrayed their origins as scraps and leftovers from other projects. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the behind-the-scenes drama on Disney's final package film, The Adventures Of Ichabod And Mr. Toad.
Walt's animators first pitched The Wind In The Willows as a potential feature back in 1938. Walt was lukewarm on the idea but bought the rights to Kenneth Grahame's book anyway. Since the Disney coffers were stuffed with Snow White money, he was buying the rights to a lot of things at the time. Production officially began in 1941 with James Algar directing. But they didn't get far before the strike and the war caused it to be abandoned.
A few years later, Walt turned his attention back to the project. He took a look at what had been done so far and didn't care for it. He told Algar and Frank Thomas to take another crack at it but to cut it down to the bone. If they could get it under 25 minutes, Walt would pair it up with the Mickey Mouse mega-short The Legend Of Happy Valley (soon to be renamed Mickey And The Beanstalk) and release it under the truly abysmal title Two Fabulous Characters.
But it soon became apparent that The Wind In The Willows was going to take longer to finish than anyone had anticipated. Not wanting to delay the release of the Mickey cartoon any longer, Mickey And The Beanstalk got shuffled over to Fun & Fancy Free. In need of a fabulous replacement character, Walt settled on another project that didn't seem worth expanding to feature-length, The Legend Of Sleepy Hollow. Not because it made a better thematic match with The Wind In The Willows. That's just what he had left.
At some point, Disney mercifully decided to drop the Two Fabulous Characters name, although not before the phrase crept into the narration. Instead, he gave the project the slightly-less generic title The Adventures Of Ichabod And Mr. Toad. That's not even the order the stories appear in the film but whatever. At this point, I'm surprised Walt didn't call the movie Fire Sale: Everything Must Go!
(For whatever reason, Walt seemed to have a thing for that original title. Later on, he'd air an episode of the Disneyland TV series called Four Fabulous Characters that had nothing to do with any of this. Instead, it featured The Martins And The Coys and Casey At The Bat segments from Make Mine Music, Johnny Appleseed from Melody Time and The Brave Engineer short. If nothing else, Walt Disney was a firm believer in recycling.)
To narrate the stories, Walt hired two of the biggest stars he'd worked with to date. Basil Rathbone was already a highly respected actor when his definitive portrayal of Sherlock Holmes on film and radio turned him into an icon. Bing Crosby was one of the most popular entertainers in the world. Having either one associated with a Disney production must have been a huge coup.
Even though the movie was assembled in such a lazy, slapdash manner, The Adventures Of Ichabod And Mr. Toad ironically emerges as one of Disney's better package films. The only real problem with it, and it's a fairly large problem, is that the two stories could not be more dissimilar. If you're a fan of Ichabod, it's a chore to sit through The Wind In The Willows. And if you loved Mr. Toad, Sleepy Hollow is a jarring change of tone. Even the flow from one story to the next seems off. The British Wind In The Willows ends up as a Christmas/New Years story. The American Sleepy Hollow is autumn leading up to Halloween. Everything about the film seems backwards.
Walt's disinterest in The Wind In The Willows may have turned into a self-fulfilling prophecy. Whether his mind was on other things or he simply didn't get it, he really wasn't the right choice to adapt Grahame's gentle, deeply British novel. Like a lot of adaptations, Disney decides to focus on the fun-loving, adventure-seeking Toad, although Mole and Rat are really the main characters of the book. There's nothing wrong with that choice but it does reduce the story to a series of madcap chases. At least Walt was able to get a fun Disneyland attraction out of it.
For what it is, Disney's Wind In The Willows is perfectly fine. The animation is lively and the character design is memorable. Rathbone's narration gives it an air of English authenticity that is otherwise wholly unearned. Eric Blore, a reliably hilarious presence in such films as Top Hat and Sullivan's Travels, is an excellent choice to provide the voice of J. Thaddeus Toad. But it's easier to appreciate the cartoon's strengths when viewed on its own instead of as an opening act.
Make no mistake, The Legend Of Sleepy Hollow is very much the headliner of this double feature. All these years later, I would argue that it remains the definitive screen version of Washington Irving's classic story (sorry, Tim Burton). Even though it's lighter and family-friendlier than Irving's original, the cartoon's images and sounds are so indelible that they've come to represent the tale in the popular imagination.
On the face of it, Bing Crosby may seem a counterintuitive choice to tell the tale but it's actually an inspired choice. Crosby had been a hugely popular singer since the early 1930s. Since crossing over to film, he had become a top box office draw and won an Oscar for his work in Going My Way. Thanks to his work for the USO during the war, he had essentially become the voice of America. In 1948, he topped polls as "the most admired man alive". Who better to take you by the hand and guide you through a quintessentially American ghost story?
Of course, you don't hire Bing Crosby just to narrate. You want him to sing, so Disney hired songwriters Don Raye and Gene de Paul to come up with three original songs, one for each of the main characters, Ichabod, Katrina and the Headless Horseman. Raye and de Paul didn't contribute all that much to the Disney songbook. They'd written the song "It's Whatcha Do With Whatcha Got" for So Dear To My Heart and would later come up with "Beware The Jabberwock", an unused song from Alice In Wonderland. But they're best known for future standards like "You Don't Know What Love Is". Their pop sensibilities work well here, creating three instant earworms that suit Crosby's style perfectly.
As wonderful as the music and Crosby's narration are, it's the animation and design that makes Sleepy Hollow so unforgettable. Co-director Jack Kinney was the main director on the Goofy shorts and you can see the same lanky, graceful awkwardness in Ichabod Crane. Brom Bones is such an ideal caricature of a rugged he-man that the studio essentially recast him some 40 years later as Gaston in Beauty And The Beast.
And then there's the Headless Horseman, a character who gets one of the top-five best entrances in Disney history. Only Maleficent and maybe Cruella De Vil come close to topping it. Every other character is exaggerated to some extent but the Horseman is played completely straight. This isn't some cartoon monster. This is a demon who seriously means to cut your head clean off.
The chase sequence is a masterpiece of animation. Directors Kinney and Clyde Geronimi manage to pull off the difficult trick of making the scene both funny and frightening at the same time. Humor is a vital element in horror, helping to provide a release valve for tension. Without the business between Ichabod and his horse, this sequence would be unbearably tense for most kids.
Even with it, it's still a lot to take. I've talked to plenty of people who say this movie gave them nightmares and it's hardly surprising. This chase feels completely different from, say, the police pursuit of Mr. Toad in the previous segment. Even though bullets are flying, you're never afraid that Toad is in danger of being picked off. You don't have that same assurance with Ichabod and the Horseman. There's real weight behind the Horseman's sword.
The Adventures Of Ichabod And Mr. Toad was released in October of 1949, in time for Halloween. It made some money but considering the fact that the studio had been working on it in some form or another for the better part of a decade, it wasn't enough to recover its costs. After it completed its original theatrical engagement, the film wouldn't be seen in its original form again for decades.
Instead, as had become common practice with the package films, the two halves were split up to air separately on TV, theatrically, and eventually on video. The Wind In The Willows debuted on television first, paired with Disney's earlier adaptation of Kenneth Grahame's The Reluctant Dragon. Years later, it was retitled The Madcap Adventures Of Mr. Toad and released in front of the live-action comedy western Hot Lead And Cold Feet.
Sleepy Hollow had a much bigger impact on its own. Its television debut was a Halloween episode of Disneyland, for which the studio produced an introductory prologue on the life of Washington Irving. Disney has never officially released that prologue on home video but YouTube is a thing, so here it is now:
The short was released to theatres in 1963 and I can personally vouch for the fact that it became a Halloween staple of elementary school teachers throughout the 1970s and 80s. It would continue to be a part of holiday specials like Halloween Hall O' Fame (featuring a pumpkinhead Jonathan Winters) and Disney's Halloween Treat for years. In the early 90s, Disney finally put the original film back together on laserdisc.
For too long, you could only see these films individually. Today it's the opposite problem: whether it's on Blu-ray or streaming, you can only access them together. Why on earth is it so difficult for Disney to give audiences BOTH options? Believe it or not, most people don't want to make The Wind In The Willows part of their Halloween traditions. To be clear, I don't want them to erase the original version from existence. But when a studio repurposes material as drastically as Disney has done with the segments from its various package films, the ideal presentation would include all the different variations.
Disney ended the package film years on a high note, even if that wouldn't become fully apparent until later. At the time, I'm sure that Walt didn't even notice. The Adventures Of Ichabod And Mr. Toad had never been a priority for him. As usual, his eyes were on the future. The 1950s would be a much different decade for Walt Disney.
VERDICT: It's a Disney Plus but it'd be a Disney Double Plus if they split the segments up again.